Amplasata intr-un loc salbatic si avand mai multe intrari, fiind folosita si ca punct de observatie, Pestera Muierilor a fost o cetate naturala, un punct de rezistenta pentru locuitorii asezarilor invecinate. Electrificarea facuta in anii 1963 si 1978 a transformt pestera in cel mai popular si mai vizitat obiectiv speologic din Romania, cu toate ca, in ce priveste dimensiunea, frumusetea si calitatea amenajarii, Pestera Muierilor, cu o lungime de peste 3500 metri, a fost depasita de alte pesteri romanesti, insa ea continua sa fie un punct de atractie pentru zeci de mii de vizitatori anual.

Situated in a wild place, having more than just one entrance, also used as observation point, the Woman Cave was a natural fortress, a resistance point for the inhabitants of the neighboring settlements over their struggling history. The electrification established between 1963 and 1978 changed the cave in the most popular and visited speleological objective from Romania. Even if, what the dimension, the beauty and the quality of the arrangement are concerned nowadays, the Woman Cave, with an aggregate length of galleries of over 3,500 m, was surpassed long time ago, it continues to be visited by thousands of visitors every year.

*Primele informatii scrise despre Pestera Muierii dateaza din 1870, cand arheologul Al. Odobescu a mentionat-o intr-un chestionar arheologic.

It seems that the first written record about the Woman Cave dates back to 1870, when the archaeological Al. Odobescu mentioned it in an archaeological questionnaire.

*Orientarea generala de nord-est a intregului sistem de galerii este datorata fisurii ce a permis apelor raului Galbenul sa treaca prin roca si sa formeze aceste galerii. Se poate intra in Pestera Muierii prin trei locatii, intrucat pestera are o gura si in partea de nord, dar si in est si sud.

The general north-south orientation of the whole system of galleries runs along the fissure which allowed the waters of the Galbenul River stream to dig them in the rocks. You may enter the cave through three different points, a northern, eastern and southern mouth.

*Intrand in pestera prin partea de nord, la aproximativ 130 de m poti descoperi stalagmita in forma de cupola mica, la stanga careia se afla Sala Altarului, bogata in concentratii, plafonul acestei locatii terminandu-se cu o gaura de legatura la o inaltime de 17 m. Mergand in aceeasi directie, o galerie plina de numerosi bolovani duce spre gura de est a pesterii, numita Poarta Altarului, ce infatiseaza versantul abrupt a Cheilor Galbenului.

On entering the cave through its northern gate, at about 130 m within you find yourself in front of the Small Dome-shaped stalagmite from which widens on your left the Altar Chamber, rich in concretions with a ceiling ending in a 17 m high swallow hole. Walking in the same direction, a gallery with numerous boulders lying on the floor leads to the eastern mouth, called the Altar Gate, which opens into the abrupt slope of the Galbenul Gorge.

*Galeria principala, numita Galeria Electrificata, devine din ce in ce mai spectaculoasa daca mergi inainte spre sud, asta pentru ca poti vedea multe concretiuni ale plafonului, precum si bazine ce sunt cateodata pline cu apa, numite Bazinele Mici, si Bazinele Largi. La 270 de m departare se afla intrarea in Sala Turcului, una din cele mai frumoase locatii ale etajului superior. Poti vedea stalagmite uriase, domuri, concretiuni pe pereti si pe plafon, unele forme chiar au primit denumiri precum Mos Craciun, Turcul, Sotia turcului etc.

The main gallery, known as the Electrically-lit Gallery, continues southwards and gets more and more spectacular because of its numerous ceiling concretions and basins, sometimes filled with water, in the portions, called the Small Basins and the Large Basins. Two hundred and seventy meters farther you enter the Turk’s Chamber, one of the most beautiful parts of the upper floor. Huge stalagmites, domes, wall and ceiling concretions taking the strangest shapes are known as Santa Claus, the Turkish, the Turkish’s wife, etc.

*Trecerea printr-un coridor ingust, a unui prag si o scara de metal este vizita in Sala Minunilor, nume dat din cauza numeroaselor microbazine si din cauza stalagmitelor si stalagtitelor in forma de lumanare, forme ce impodobesc practic aceasta incapere.

Passing through a narrow corridor and over a threshold by climbing a metal ladder, you enter the so-called Chamber of Wonders, because of its numerous microbasins and candle-shaped stalactites and stalagmites, which adorn it.

*Parcurgand drumul inapoi spre galeria principala, poti sa mergi prin Poarta Mica, o portiune unde zidurile si plafonul sunt foarte apropiate, formand un mic pasaj prin care poti sa ajungi la Sala Guano. Peretele din partea estica prezinta o serie de galerii ce reprezinta un adevarat loc de refugiu pentru fauna pesterii, avand in vedere ca acel loc este mai putin accesibil pentru turisti si ca nu este inca electrificat.

On coming back to the main gallery you will walk on through the Small Gate, a portion where the walls and ceiling draw very near, leaving only a small passage and you will enter the Guano Chamber. On the eastern wall make out a whole network of galleries, a real place of refuge for the cave fauna, since it is less accessible to visitors, and not yet electrified.

*Galeria Ursilor isi are numele de la numeroasele ramasite de schelete ale fosilelor mamiferelor din perioada cuaternara, mamifere ce erau in mare parte ursi de pestera. Marea varietate si numeroasele concretiuni in calciu fac ca aceasta galerie sa fie una de tinut minte. Peretii ei sunt impodobiti cu hierloglife, piei de leopard, cosoroabe si linguri.

The Bears’ Gallery was named thus because of its numerous skeleton remains of the Quaternary fossils of mamalia, belonging mostly to cave bears. Its great variety and numerous calcite concretions make it quite remarkable. Its walls are also adorned with corrosion hieroglyphs, leopard skins, wall plates and spoons.

*Sala Perlelor are un tavan jos, in unele locuri poate sa fie sub 1 metru, si prezinta o minunata perdea de piatra la intrare, cunoscut sub numele de Valul Miresei. Podeaua are forma unui mosaic, din cauza numeroaselor cristale si perle de pestera.

The Pearl Chamber has a low ceiling, in some places under I’m, and displays a lovely folded curtain right at its entrance, known as the Bride’s Veil. The floor looks mosaic-shaped on account of its many crystals and contains numerous cave pearls.

*Legenda / The Legend

La baza denumirii pesterii cu apelativul de a Muierilor se afla doua legende:

Prima spune ca, in trecutul istoric, atunci cand barbatii in putere plecau sa apere tara de navalitorii veniti de aiurea, femeile luau in graba copiii si batranii pentru a se adaposti in pestera pe atunci numai de ei stiuta, unde ramaneau ascunsi pana la trecerea urgiei.

A doua versiune sustine ca denumirea de Pestera Muierilor ar veni de la faptul ca in zilele uscate de seceta verii, femeile se asezau sa toarca langa la gura cavitatii, unde aerul ce rabufnea din interiorul ei le-ar fi usurat mult munca de rasucit a firului. Unii sustin ca obisnuiau sa patrunda chiar si mai spre interior, in gururile cu apa, puneau inul si canepa la topit.

There are two legends related to the name of the Woman Cave:

The first one says that, long time ago, when men used to dominate everything and to go defend the land against the invaders, women used to take in haste the children and old people into the cave , which was know at that time only them (women). There they used to stay until the battles were over.

The second version says that this name-the Woman Cave would derive from the fact that in the days dominated by draught in summer, the women used to sit in front of the mouth of the cave and spin the wool. The air that came out of the cave used to facilitate the work of spinning the thread. Others affirm that the women used to even go inside the cave, where they used to melt the flax and the hemp.

Localizare / Localization

Pornind pe soseaua nationala ce leaga Targu Jiu de Ramnicu Valcea se poate parcurge cu masina, in mai putin de o ora distanta dintre municipiul Gorj si localitatea Poienari. De aici pana la Baia de fier mai sunt 5 km.

Proceeding on the road that links Targu Jiu to Ramnicu Valcea (distance which can be covered by car as well), one should go to Gorj city first. Afterwards, at a distance of less than an hour, there is the location called Poienari. From here till Baia de Fier there are only 5 km.

Contact:

Adresa: Baia de Fier, Judetul Gorj

Program de vizitare Pestera Muierilor:

1 mai – 1 octombrie (zilnic): 9:00 – 20:00 (ultima intrare ora 19.00)

luni – marti: pauza 13:00-14:00

1 octombrie – 1 mai (zilnic): 9:00-17:00 (ultima intrare ora 16.00). Se poate intra din ora in ora in grupuri de la 4 persoane adulte pana la 100 persoane.

Pret Bilet: Adulti – 5 lei, Copii, elevi, pensionari – 2 lei

Taxa foto-video – 5 lei

Address: Baia de Fier, Gorj County

Visiting programme at the Women’s Cave:

1 May – 1 Ocotber (daily): 9:00 AM – 8:00 PM (last entry – 7:00 PM)

Monday – Tuesday: break between 1:00 PM – 2:00 PM

1 October – 1 May (daily): 9:00 AM – 5:00 PM (last entry – 4:00 PM). It may enter from hour to hour in groups of 4 adult persons up to 100 people.

Entrance Fee: Adults – 5 lei, Pensioners, students and pupils – 2 lei

Video camera fee: – 5 lei

*Sursa: http://www.romanianmonasteries.org/ro/romania/pestera-muierilor

*Photo: arhiva personala